Types of fabrics
Jersey: description, composition, advantages and disadvantages
Modern technologies have created a large number of diverse tissues that are widely used to make it necessary for human products. However, there are also vintage, time-tested types of fabrics that are relevant and fashionable and now. Jersey is a universal fabric and is one of them.
What it is?
Jersey is a knitted fabric that is created on a small island of Jersey (hence the name), which is part of the Norman Islands. The wool of the special breed of sheep of this island, which has an increased ability to maintain heat, served as a material for the manufacture of Jersey. Warm knitwear was used for sewing underwear and it was indispensable in the harsh climatic conditions of the island.
Subsequently, knitwear has repeatedly tried to apply for the manufacture of clothes, but she did not use in demand. Only the famous Coco Chanel introduced this knitwear in the category of fashionable fabric after the "Little" dresses from Jersey At the surname Parisian fashion show, which was a huge success. Since then, Jersey's knitwear products have gained wide popularity. Jersey production technology was modified, and currently cloth is significantly different from the initial option. Modern jersey jersey is a machine knitting fabric.
Description and composition
Jersey is primarily knitwear, the threads knit, intertwining a special way. Method of producing Jersey - Single-row weaving. Facial and invalid drawings differ from each other. On the front surface, the pigtails are clearly visible, which are characteristic of the knitted canvas, they are rows of vertical loops. Horizontal bands are well distinguished on the involve side.
Due to this method of making Jersey stretches well, but not pulling out , and after stretching the transverse section, it is immediately folded with a tube. This characteristic feature of Jersey is its distinctive feature and highlights among other fabrics. The original version of Jersey was made of pure wool, and the cloth was very dense. Industry development and improved technologies allow other raw materials. According to the composition of Jersey, it can be made of woolen, silk, cotton, linen threads, viscose and synthetic fibers.
Knitted woolen fabrics usually produce sheep wool (Merino or Angora breeds). But at present, except for sheep wool, Alpaca's wool often use and even vicuins. The viscose used for the manufacture of Jersey is also different. The usual viscose is often replaced by bamboo and eucalyptus. Polyester, elastane and lycru are used from synthetic raw materials.
In addition, there is a knitwear combined. In this case, it consists of several components. These can be combinations of natural fibers, viscose and synthetic. As a result, the fabric acquires the quality of all components: natural, synthetic and viscose. The newest technologies allow you to create knitwear, the fibers of which are enriched with such additives as the exhaust from aloe, silver ions and a metallic sprayer. As a result, the fabric acquires additional specific properties: antibacterialness, dielectric ability, frost resistance.
Fabric properties depend primarily from raw materials, which was used for its manufacture. The larger the synthetics, the less knitwear begins. Jersey from natural origin fibers well keeps warm, provides hygroscopicity and air access. Jersey has high strength when combining natural threads with viscose, but it becomes less hygroscopic. When the elastan is added to the natural composition, the knitwear is made more elastic, it is well stretched, while maintaining the form.
Depending on the raw materials, Jersey can be heavy, medigative, light. The knitwear is almost at all. Products from it always look carefully, as they are practically not deformed and retain the original shape. The decorative properties of the tissue make it possible to drape into the volumetric soft folds. The texture of knitwear allows you to emphasize the figure, as the fabric is easily cutting the silhouette.
Jersey knitted fabric has common distinctive properties: flexibility, elasticity, extensibility and softness.
The composition of the knitwear affects those or other properties, and therefore on dignity, and disadvantages. However, there are advantages that all types of Jersey have:
- The fabric passes the air well, regulates heat exchange, allowing the skin to "breathe", has hygroscopicity due to the specific method of weave fibers;
- All Jersey have soft, which allows you to sew even underwear from them;
- Knitwear distinguishes simplicity and convenience in care, it is well tolerate and manual, and machine washing;
- Jersey has a great ability to drapery, easily forms soft volumetric folds;
- The fabric almost does not matter, during storage does not form the folds, the chances even in folded form;
- The knitwear has a high degree of resistance to wear, it retains its appearance and properties after long-term use, withstands numerous washers;
- It has universality in application - it can be used to sewing any kind of clothing;
- Each knitwear, even natural woolen, inherent ease;
- Fabric has good elasticity, it is tightly stretched and quickly returns the initial shape;
- The knitwear is painted well and long retains color.
An important advantage of all Jersey is the ability to stretch: Nearly 25% of the initial form. Natural jersey is environmentally friendly and safe, they do not cause allergic reactions and skin irritations. Artificial and synthetic fabrics almost do not sit when washing. Jersey from natural fibers are not deformed when pressing, iron and sweeping. Knitwear with the addition of linseed or synthetic fibers has high strength.
To the disadvantages of Jersey Its properties include such properties:
- After washing, it dries for a long time, as it retains moisture well;
- In the width stretches better than long;
- does not withstand high temperatures when washing, which leads to deformation of products;
- requires compliance with the rules of the care specified on the product label;
- woolen jersey can form kators;
- Synthetic knitwear can electrify and "stick" to stockings and tights;
- The viscose and synthetic jersey require low temperatures when ironing and poorly transfer pairs: the product loses the initial density and changes the form somewhat.
Like many other fabrics, for example, crepe, Jersey, Depending on the raw material, it is divided into such types:
Natural jersey is made from natural fibers. In addition to wool, Silk is also used, cotton flax. Woolen Jersey is cleaner and with the addition of viscose or synthetic fibers. It is very warm, and at the same time allowing the skin to breathe, fabric. Cotton jersey is made of pure cotton, or from its mixture with other fibers. This knitwear is also characterized by soft, durability and opaque texture, high ability to skip air and good hygroscopicity. Despite its low drapery ability, it guarantees a wide variety of cutting products.
Elastane or Liker is often added to cotton, which are added to the general properties of Jersey, even a higher degree of durability, wear resistance, which extends the service life of products. Silk Jersey stands out among other species with the highest level of softness and smoothness. Its texture is thin, translucent, casting a beautiful velvety glitter. This kind of knitwear is well stretched, and the added Liker further enhances this ability.
This cloth skips the air well, adjusting heat exchange. Linen knitwear is a soft fabric having a matte surface. Other species are characterized by lower elasticity. Silk and linen Natural Jersey Air, very pleasant when contacting skin and almost not felt in hot summer days.
Raw materials for artificial jersey serves a different type of viscose. The main distinguishing feature of the viscose knitwear is the softness and smoothness of its surface. The knitwear is very obedient in sewing, it is well draped. It is often added to Liker, Elastane, Spandex. These synthetic fibers increase the degree of stretching and rapid restoration of the initial shape of the product. For the production of synthetic jersey, fibers from lycra, polyester, elastane, spandex are used. Synthetic jersey is distinguished by increased strength and durability. According to the degree of wear resistance, ease and strength, synthetic knitwear is not inferior to Nylon.
One of the characteristic properties of Jersey is its versatility. This is exactly what explains the wide range of its use. From Jersey, you can sew a huge variety of products. Since this knitwear can consist of both expensive natural fibers and cheaper artificial and synthetic, then the scope of its application is very wide: from expensive evening outfits to casual wear, from underwear to jackets.
Jersey knitwear is used for sewing:
- Lower female and male linen - panties, T-shirts Night shirts, pajamas, bodies;
- dresses for women;
- T-shirts and trousers;
- clothes for children;
- top female and male clothes - jackets, coats, jackets and jackets;
- Clothes for home - bathrobes.
For underwear, thin viscose, cotton or more expensive silk knitwear are used. Elegant evening toilets for women sew from cotton jersey, and casual costumes for office work both female and men's - from woolen or cotton jersey. Warm woolen knitwear also comes to the manufacture of outerwear: coat, jackets, as well as beautiful elegant cardigans, tunic, poncho, jackets. Men's and female sweaters and pullovers made of wool knitwear look very nice.
Thanks to the properties of Jersey from it, you can sew a dress of any style: Tight-fitting case or straight cut, opened dresses from waist or chest, with drapery. Light viscose and cotton knitwear goes to tailoring summer dresses, blouses, tops. Sportswear (T-shirts, shorts, windbreakers) occupies a separate place, as well as clothes for children (dresses, blouses, sweatshirts, pants, jumper).
Recommendations for care
Knitted fabric products can be worn for a long time and in any weather, and They will retain their appearance if you adhere to some simple rules of care.
- Wash clothes from Jersey is permissible and hands, and in a washing machine-machine with the use of soft washing agents. The washing mode depends on the variety of knitwear: it will be somewhat different for cotton, than for silk or synthetic. In any case, the knitwear tolerates the washing well in gentle mode and at a water temperature not above 40 degrees.
- Rinse things after washing is not required in cold water, but in warm (about 20 degrees). With this condition, the fabric retains satiety of its color.
- You can not wash white knitwear together with things painted in other colors, as this can lead to the painting of Jersey.
- With machine washing, when annealing is installed, easy mode with minor turns.
- It is recommended to dry the products on a horizontal level surface. It is forbidden to dry them near or on heating devices.
- They smooth jersey at the lowest iron temperature, using a wet fine fabric (cotton or gauze). You can also use a steamer on the iron: in this case, the product must be ironed from the wrong way, it will help to avoid brilliant fingerprints from the iron.
- Store things you need neatly folded or on a hanger in a ventilated room, not allow a long stay in the sun, which can lead to fading of the fabric.
- Slightly acknowledged knitted thing can be strained without an iron. To do this, it must be hung on a hanger over a hot water capacity. Fresh folds quickly straighten. Also come after long-term storage of things and with some loss of its appearance.
Usually, the label of each product indicates the rules of care taking into account the type of fabric. It helps to care for Jersey.
As numerous reviews show, Jersey fabric is very popular and demand. Consumers are especially noted by a long service life of the knitwear while maintaining the appearance and its initial color. Women like that Jersey fully emphasizes the figure. As consumers are indicated, wool jersey costumes warm in cold weather. Many parents prefer to buy their children under linen and upper clothes from cotton knitwear, because it allows the skin to breathe and does not cause skin irritations. People especially like the convenience of wearing knitwear: it does not matter, does not lose the initial form, the fabric "breathes" and also requires only minimal care.
A large range of jersey clothes allows combining and combining things and look like a new one every day. It is also noted that the fabric is easily cleaned from small local pollution. Consumers who themselves sew things indicate that the fabric is very convenient in sewing, you can sew clothes of any style. Very familiar and home options for Jersey - bathrobes, pajamas - for comfort and comfort with sock.
Analyzing consumer's statements, we can say that Jersey's reviews are only positive, and this testifies to his actual advantages and explains the wide popularity.
About how to choose jersey knitted fabric, see the next video.
Jersey: Universal knitwear
The cloth is warm, flexible, elastic and very insulating, which makes it a popular choice for clothes, which is closer to the phone. Jersey also tends to be a soft material, which makes it very comfortable.
Textiles is named after Jersey Island. Jersey is the largest group of islands, known as the Norman Islands located between England and France.
Some sources argue that the term "jersey" is used to designate any knitted tissue. In fact, the material was called Jersey, because it was made on the island of Jersey off the coast of England. This early version of the fabric was used for fishing fishermen and was a heavier cloth than Jersey's tissues of the early 2000s.
Manufacturing jersey knitwear
Jersey's knitwear can be made manually or on flat and round knitting machines. The knitwear is made using the main knitting stitch, in which each loop is drawn through the loop under it. Jersey's knitwear is easy compared to other types of knitwear and is the fastest method for the production of similar tissues. Knitwear stretches more in a cruciform direction than in length, and "worsen" around the edges due to the difference in the stress in front and rear.
Historically, Jersey was used mainly for hosiery and sweaters. However, already in 1879, the actress Lilly Lillya made knitwear fashionable material for everyday socks. In the 1920s, Gabriel Chanel popularized the fabric for comfortable women's clothing, constructing dresses and suits from it. In 1916, Coco Chanel introduced knitwear in the fashion world.
Jersey material is usually opaque, soft and draped. Plus, he is very universal. From knitted fabrics easily sew dresses and skirts, tops and sweatshirts, cardigans and jackets, sweaters and pants. You can also make scarves from Jersey, scarves and other accessories.
Finishing and use of jersey knitwear
Jersey can be modified by a print or embroidery. Jersey varieties include pile options for knitwear and jacquard knitwear.
Knitwear is used for the manufacture of hosiery, T-shirts, underwear, sportswear and sweaters. It was also included in the home product market and used for bedding.
Why should you choose jersey knitwear?
One of the reasons why many people love to wear jersey fabric is a stretch factor. The fabric can stretch to 25% of the percent of its initial state. Clothing made from this material is also available in a large range of colors and models for every taste.
Knitted fabrics are traditionally manufactured from sheep wool. Today you can find all sorts of options: cotton, silk, hemp, bamboo, viscose, silk, etc. There are even luxurious knitted fabrics from Alpaca and Vicuni! Such treasures require special care and are expensive, but the pleasure of their wearing exceeds everything.
Jersey knitted fabrics can be light, medium severity or heavy. They are produced in a wide variety of colors and prints. The weaving method makes them elastic and comfortable in the sock, so it can be considered a unisex material and an excellent complement to the wardrobe for men, women and children.
So for what we love Jersey?
- Elasticity. The degree of softness depends on the fibers from which your material is made, as well as finishing.
- Softness. This knitted fabric is durable and resistant to damage to various kinds.
- Strength. The nature of this fabric itself makes it resistant to folds. Plus, it easily restores its original shape after stretching.
- failure. The thinner the fabric, the easier the drape.
- Drapery. Jersey's knitwear adapted very well. The range of applications varies from the finest underwear and light T-shirts to warm cardigans, winter dresses and sweaters.
- Multilateral. Based on the composition, the knitwear is divided into several species that have different textures, use and price. We will concentrate on natural fibers, because they are hypoallergenic and feel perfectly perfectly.
Types of material: Cotton knitwear jersey
Cotton jersey fabrics are made of one hundred percent cotton or cotton mixture. They are soft, durable and opaque. Such knitted fabrics are less draped than, let's say, silk or viscose knitwear, but they provide the best clothing structure. In addition, cotton is breathable material, which makes it one of the most widely used options for children's clothing.
Nowadays you can also buy jersey fabrics - cotton mixture with Lycra or Elastane. These elastic fibers increase the wear resistance of the material, making such knitted products perfect.
What are made from cotton jersey?
Types of material: Jersey from silk knitwear
Silk fabrics Jersey are probably the most smooth and soft of all. This knitwear is thin, often translucent, with a beautiful silky glitter. Naturally elastic, fibers tend to stretch well, especially if they are produced with lycra or any other elastic fibers.
Silk knitwear has a tight drapery, so it is not surprising that the fashion designers are in love with it. This very feminine type of knitted fabric has literally dozens of applications:
Jersey Silk Fabric is more expensive than another knitwear, but sometimes it is worth paying for it to get the best quality. Silk is known for its ability to regulate the body temperature, which means that it is cool to wear in summer and warm in winter.