What are homogeneous members of the sentence?
Suggestions can be called homogeneous:
- If they are all dependent on one word (offer a member);
- respond to the same question;
- The same syntax function is carried.
- Blizzard (what did you do?) Hello, raging.
Both verbs play the role of the lean. Consequently, the words have overtightened and raged in this sentence are homogeneous to be sure.
Uniform can be called both the main and secondary members of the sentence, if they have all the signs.
Signs of homogeneous sentences (OPP)
General question to all
To all homogeneous members, one and the same question can be asked, since they are united by writing, they are equal in the proposal structure.
- Mom told (how?) Quietly, (how?) Affectionate voice, (how?) Smiling.
In this case, the clerk are the impregnation "quietly", the phrase "affectionate voice" and the verbal spirits "Smiling".
Be careful! Oral is usually represented by one part of speech, but can be expressed in different parts, as in the example above. The main thing is that they have all the signs.
Oral dependent or belong to one member of the sentence
The overall question is set to all OPP from one, common to them for them.
- Yellow, orange and red foliage circled in the air.
We ask the question from subject to "foliage". Foliage (what?) Yellow, orange, red. All three words describe the color of foliage.
OPP play the same role in the proposal
From the example above: the words are yellow, orange and red play in the proposal the role of the definition, respond to one question (what?) And belong to one word.
OPP is usually expressed by the same part of speech.
Most often, the clerks are represented by one significant part of speech. Occhats can be expressed by nouns, verbs, verbalists, communion, adjectives, adverbs, but there are exceptions.
Clauses are pronounced with the intonation of the listing
Intonation emphasizes the equality of the membership members: between the OP, you can insert the Union "and".
Uniform definitions characterize the word to which one character belongs to one
- Far to the dreet, dark forest.
In the example of the definition of the "dense" and "dark" describe the subject "forest" one by one.
If we rephrase the offer, replacing the word "dark" word "autumn", then in this proposal there will be no homogeneous members.
The dormant (sign on the light and density of the forest) of the autumn (sign in time) forest was clearly seen.
Remember! Between inhomogeneous definitions relating to one word commas are not set.
How to find homogeneous membership members?
First of all, it is necessary to allocate all members of the sentence and pay attention to the same. If they depend on one word and possess all signs, you can call them homogeneous.
Attention! If one word is repeated in the sentence, these words are not homogeneous, but are one member of the sentence.
- Snowflakes were spinning, they circled and circled.
The repeating legend "circled" is one member of the sentence.
What members of the sentence may be homogeneous?
Occhats can be any of the significant parts of speech: both the main and minor.
Mum и dad Let's go to the movies.
What to do / do?
Hamster cheval и Stragwal .
Issues of all cases, except for the nominative
Who? What? By whom? Than? Who? What? etc.
Petya distributed candy Ira ,Ole , Denis и Nastya .
This was brave и brave act.
How? Why? Where? What for? Where to? When? Where?
The championship came fans from Rome. Paris и Vienna .
Uniform membership members can be combined by a generalizing word. This word connects, groups of all other homogeneous members group groups.
- Everywhere (generalizing word) Salutes are visible: right left и in the distance .
The generalizing word and the remaining homogeneous members respond to one question. Can be visible (where?) - everywhere, right, left, distance.
Signs of punctuation with homogeneous members of the sentence
Oral joints are connected by writing alliances, since they are equal and cannot obey each other.
no no; and ... I.
or either; either ... either; then ... then; not that ... not that
but, yes (= in value, but), but, however,
Yes (in value and), and
not only but; how so ... and
Important! In sustainable expressions (phraseologiza), the comma does not put such members of the proposals are not considered homogeneous.
Attention! If there are no unions between homogeneous members, it is believed that they are combined only by intonation, that is, the non-union bond. In this case, they are necessarily separated by commas from each other.
Signs of punctuation with generalizing Word and Ochp
Signs of punctuation with a generalizing word depend on in which it costs it.
Below are the proposals schemes.
[Oh, o, o, o - generalizing word].
- In winter, in the fall, in spring and summer, he was always glad to meet with her mother.
[Generalizing word: Oh, Oh, O].
- He was glad to meet with mom always: in winter, autumn, summer and spring.
[Generalizing word: Oh, Oh - the proposal continues on].
- Always: in winter, summer, autumn and spring - he was glad to meet with her mother.
The concept of homogeneous suggestions
For the first time, the topic of homogeneous members of the proposal, schoolchildren take place in grades 3 and gradually deepen their knowledge to grades 8. Let's start with the definition: we learn what "homogeneous members of the sentence" means and turn to the nuances.
Homogeneous members (hereinafter - very) - these are members of the sentences that perform the same syntax function. Simply put, they all respond to one question and are associated with the same word in the proposal.
The rule sounds like that .
If two or more members of the sentence belong to the same word, respond to the same question, are the same member of the sentence, they are homogeneous members of the sentence .
Uniform members can be any independent part of speech:
Uniform members of the sentence indicate the subject, a sign, action or circumstance.
What members of the sentence may be homogeneous:
Katya, Anya and Dima live in the same yard.
For lunch, I eat salad, soup, dessert.
Before them is a complex and long-term project.
Tamara received a new doll and a book for the new year.
Today and tomorrow we will have guests.
Uniform can be any members of the sentence.
Now we will show in the form of schemes as a homogeneous subject, homogeneous, uniform circumstance, a homogeneous addition, a homogeneous definition is interconnected with other members of the sentence.
The table has examples of using different suggestions as homogeneous.
|Member sentence||What question answer||Examples|
|Subject||Who! What?||Vika, Tanya and Lesha swung on the swing. In my dacha live a turtle and a cat.|
|Predicate||What to do? What to do?||Yesterday we painted at school, sang and played. Anya reads well, writes and speaks English.|
|Definition||What? Which the?||I gave an acid and bitter candy. The wall was not big, but a small bedside table.|
|Addition||Who? What? Who? What? Who? What? By whom? Than? O Com? About what? (questions of indirect cases)||Grandfather repaired onions and arrows. On the canvas artist reflected the sky and the ocean.|
|Circumstance||How? Where? Where to? Where? When? What for? Why?||In winter and autumn you need to wear warmer things. The road goes to the right, then to the left.|
Now we know which questions are responsible homogeneous members of the sentence.
Methods for determining homogeneous membership members
Let's deal with how to find homogeneous members of the sentence.
Algorithm for defining homogeneous membership members:
- Determine the main and secondary members of the sentence. Mark subject to and led;
- Install, whether the memberships that respond to the same question are in the proposal and belong to the same word;
- Determine which link they are related:
- writing, which is expressed by unions,
- The non-union, which is expressed with the help of enumeration intonation.
- I chose a bouquet of white, pink and green chrysanthemums.
Chrysanthemums (what?) White, pink and green - homogeneous definitions, as they respond to one question, belong to one word (chrysanthemums) and are associated with writing communication (compositive union and).
The proposal may have several homogeneous members:
- Artem and Masha laughed a lot, sang and danced.
Artem and Masha - homogeneous subject; Laugh, sang and danced - homogeneous faithful.
Now we know how to determine homogeneous members of the sentence.
And now we will tell what members of the sentence are not homogeneous.
If members of the sentence belong to the same word, but they answer different questions - they cannot be called homogeneous:
- I will come to visit tomorrow.
I will come (where?) To visit (when?) Tomorrow.
Circumstances relate to the leaky "come", but they answer different questions, so they cannot be called homogeneous.
Homogeneous members of the sentence are not
We definitely swam in the air and circled, circled, spinned.
I dream of visiting Elbrus, in the Caucasus.
To visit (where?) On Elbrus, in the Caucasus - not homogeneous circumstances. In the Caucasus - a clarifying circumstance, which explains where Elbrus is located.
Punctuation marks in sentences with homogeneous members
To properly use Pts, you need to know the rules for the arrangement of punctuation marks between them. Consider the topic of punctuation with homogeneous members of the sentence.
Uniform members can be combined with a generalizing word. The generalizing word is the same member of the sentence as other homogeneous members, responds to the same question, but has a generalizing value:
- The generalizing word is a whole, and homogeneous members - parts of this whole:
- A summary word denotes a general concept, and homogeneous members are more private concepts:
For the villages from the hill, the city was visible: squares of quarters, brick buildings, gardens, spiers of churches. (Sholokhov)
Piercingly shone the bird: roosters, geese, turkey. (Fadeev)
The comma is set:
- If there are repetitive connecting or dividing unions:
- and ... and; no no; also; also; like ... so;
- or or; or either; then ... then; Not that ... not that.
I completed the task and in Russian, and in mathematics.
The park was fresh, quiet, calm.
- A, but, although, yes, however, but.
We are so different, but we have something to talk about.
The comma does not put:
- If there is a union between two och:
- In sustainable expressions with repeated unions and ... and, nor ...
Of all the classes in the world, I love to read and dance.
- nor the end of the edge; neither neither fish nor fowl; none or another; and cold and hunger; and there and here; And day and night.
Neither the other did not help me solve the task.
In the store we bought everything to the table: fruits and vegetables, fish and meat, candy and cookies.
In addition to commas in proposals with Pts, there may be other signs: colon and dash.
The dash is set:
- When a generalizing word is after Pts:
- When a generalizing word is faced with Pts, and after the offer continues:
Clothing, shoes, documents - everything you need already lies in the suitcase.
Everywhere: in the living room, in the kitchen, in the bathroom - they lay her things.
The colon is set:
- When a generalizing word is faced with Pts:
He surprised me all week: she retired in the apartment, she prepared breakfast.
Now we know all about homogeneous members of the sentence in Russian.
- Uniform members are the same members of the sentence;
- Uniform members depend on the same word;
- Uniform members are interconnected by writing and intonation.
Signs of homogeneous members
- respond to the same question;
- are one member of the sentence;
- refer to one member of the sentence;
- often expressed by one part of speech;
- Pronounced with enumerable intonation.
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Homogeneous members of the sentence are "the same" members of the proposals that "obey" by one word and to which you can set the same question. For example: "I watch movies, TV shows and videos on YouTube." Uniform members in this design - the additions "films", "Series", "Rollers". They submit to the faithful "watch" answer the same questions: I will watch (what?) Movies, (what?) Series, (which) rollers.
How to distinguish homogeneous members from inhomogeneous
If at least one condition of the three is not performed - uniformity disappears. We will analyze it three elementary examples:
- In the evenings, I read interesting books. There are no homogeneous members here, because in this statement there are no identical members of the sentence. In the evenings - the circumstance of time, I am subject to, read - a surehead, books - an add-on, interesting - definition. That is, there is no condition "the same" members of the sentence.
- I read books and watch movies. Books and movies are not homogeneous here, for they do not obey one word. Books depend on "read", and movies - from "I watch": I read (what?) Books, I look (what?) Movies. But I "read" and "I watch" - just uniformly taled, because they are subject to one to the subject, the question is asked by the same: I (what do you do?) I look, I read.
- At dawn over the river there was a fog. "At dawn" and "above the river" are not homogeneous circumstances, because they respond to different questions: appeared (when?) In the morning, appeared (where?) Over the river. One circumstance means time, and another place.
Part of the speech does not affect homogeneity
Please note that I did not say a word about some speech. Because we do not look at them when we define homogeneity. For example: "He walked slowly, with stops, sighing and sizing everything in the world." Here are four homogeneous circumstances, which depend on the same word "walked", the question "how" is asked to all, they perform the same syntax function (are the circumstances of the image image). But they are expressed in different parts of speech:
- Slow - adverb.
- With stops - noun.
- Sugging - Tempection.
- Proschny everything in the world is also a leadingness, but also with dependent words, that is, an adapter turnover.
About the homogeneity of definitions
With definitions there is a small problem. They will be homogeneous if they indicate the same signs. Compare two offers: "We saw a small fluffy animal" and "There were white and scarlet flowers in the meadow." Let's comment on:
- We saw a small and fluffy animal - the definitions "small" and "fluffy" are not homogeneous, as they denote different signs: the size and quality of wool. Please note, both of these words depend on the "animal", answer the question of what ", both are definitions, but they are not homogeneous.
- There were white and scarlet flowers in the meadow - there are already uniformity here, because the sign is the same - color. Plus, three conditions are performed: one main word (flowers), one question (what?) And one member of the sentence (definition).
But explain why, why in the sentence "the animal was small, fluffy and very funny" the words "small", "fluffy", "funny" - homogeneous? They just want to divide them with a comma, which I did.
Because it is not definition. These are faithful. He was small, was fluffy, it was funny - composite nominal fadies, registered part in which adjectives are expressed.
I just yesterday an article was published about the composite nominal faugible - read it is necessary not to confuse it with definitions.
What signs you need to allocate homogeneous members
They must be separated by commas. See: "I read, I am writing, I think" - homogeneous faugables are separated by commas. A similar picture: "They are beautiful, slender", "Masha, Andrei, Sasha must come to me.
If homogeneous members in your offer are two and between them alliances "and", "yes", "or" (also in the meaning "and"), then the comma to put on it: "They are beautiful and slender", "damn yes Pie" "Ivan Yes Natasha - no one no one ...", "Kohl or Dima will go."
If unions connect the words in pairs, each pair is divided by signs: "Lions and antelopes, hyens and buffaloes, wolves and sheep."
But if homogeneous members are more than two and they are all pronounced with the intonation of the listing, the commas are set after each. It does not matter whether there are unions or not: "Ivan came to me, and Maria, Vika, and Nikolai."
All other alliances are not playing the roles: "Quickly, but without breaks," "did not give any water or food," choose: either we or they. "
How to separate homogeneous members from summarizing words
A summary word is such a word that all homogeneous members calls at the same time. If it is faced with them, then it must be separated by a colon: "Guests came to me: friends, former disciples, relatives." If after - separate with the help of a dash: "Herbs, flowers, trees and shrubs are all representatives of the kingdom of plants."
Summarizing words are always absolutely the same members of the proposal as homogeneous members. In the example, "guests" and "friends", "disciples", "relatives" will be subject to guests.
In the proposal, "We are Ladim with everyone: with the authorities, with dissatisfied customers, even with the customs", the word "all" will be a supplement, and the "bosses", "customers", "customs" - also add-ons.
How to allocate homogeneous members in the scheme
In no way. They should not be allocated in the scheme, because homogeneous members are "complicating the internal structure of the sentence." Therefore, the offer "I draw and play on the violin, and my friend composes poems and writes stories" The scheme will look like this:
As you can see, empty brackets.
But. Teachers sometimes require students to allocate homogeneous members in the scheme. This is done in order to teach children to "see" homogeneity. If your teacher also requires it - then draw inside the brackets of the circle:
And do not forget about the unions between homogeneous members (in our case it is "and").
What you need to remember when syntaxed
Uniform members complicate a simple sentence. Therefore, when you make a dissemination of a simple sentence, you must have to say: "complicated by homogeneous faugible" or "complicated by homogeneous additions."
There are proposals in which there are several different homogeneous members. In this case, you will definitely note them all: "They rustled in the garden foliage and bent in the wind of linden, birch and maples." Tell me about him that it is complicated by homogeneous faugible ("rustleles", "bent"), subject to ("Linden", "Birch", "Miles").
Useful materials on the topic
I recommend you to read articles about a complex sentence and a complicated sentence. These are completely different syntactic units, you need to understand what they differ, and not to confuse them.
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Please write a comment on the article. It is important for me to know whether I managed to explain to you than homogeneous members differ from inhomogeneous, how to allocate them and characterize them in syntaxially.
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