Rinith (runny nose) is a common inflammatory disease. It develops in response to the introduction of viruses or bacteria into the nose mucous membrane or is an acute local reaction caused by the action of allergen. This article we will talk about how to quickly cure a runny nose and prevent the development of such dangerous complications as sinusitis, otitis, bronchitis or pneumonia.
- Classification of rhinitis
- The main symptoms of rhinita
- Causes of acute runny nose
- Causes of chronic runny nose
- Diagnosis of rhinitis
- How to treat runny nose at home?
- Is it possible a rapid treatment of a cold at home?
- When to contact the doctor with a cold?
- Prevention rhinitis
Classification of rhinitis
Before thinking about how and how to treat a runny nose, it is necessary to establish its variety. Depending on the origin of the pathological process, the inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes may flow in several forms.
It begins sharply, develops quickly, characterized by the most vivid manifestations. There are three types of acute rhinitis:
It is divided into two subspecies. Nonspecific Rubber is one of the most frequent varieties of ENT diseases. It is an independent catarrhal form of inflammatory damage to the mucous membranes, lining the nasal shells. Also a sharp runny nose can be Specific . In this case, he has a connection with other diseases.
It appears due to physical or chemical damage to the mucous membrane. Injury leads to the activation of bacteria living in the nose and the development of an inflammatory reaction.
It has a seasonal character, for example, worries only during the spring flowering of plants. It has a sudden beginning and pronounced symptoms. To quickly cure this kind of runny nose at home, sometimes enough to drink an antihistamine drug.
This form often becomes a complication of acute disease. It can also develop with a weakened immunite and the long-term effects of damaging factors.
Main types of chronic rhinitis:
This category also includes two subspecies:
- Chronic Nonspecific Rubber, which, in turn, is divided into catarrhal, atrophic and hypertrophic.
- Long flowing specific Rinith is divided into granulomatous, ulcerative, atrophic (ozen).
Developed in the case of a slowed down reaction of the organism on specific substances-allergens. Such a runny nose is not a rapid treatment, if the provoking factor is not detected. Quickly establish the cause of chronic allergic rhinitis, it is possible only in a small number of ill.
Caused by a long action of such harmful factors such as production or office dust, a pair of aggressive chemicals.
This is one of the separate selected forms of chronic non-allergic rhinitis. It is based on a violation of the work of the vegetative nervous system, as a result of which the nasal mucosa reacts to smells, alcohol pairs, dust, cold and other stimuli.
Distinguish the following types of vasomotor cold:
Women from 20 years often sick of this form of rhinitis, which have a vegetative dystonia. This diagnosis is sometimes raised after the patient, not knowing how to quickly cure a strange runny nose, refers to the doctor. The key factor in the development of vasomotor rinopathy can also be a transferred infectious disease, in particular ARVI.
The main symptoms of rhinita
The manifestations of this disease depends on the type and stage of the cold.
On the first day of development infectious rhinitis Dry and burning in the nasopharynk appear. Then there is a feeling of congestion, as the mucosa swells. Taking urgent measures helps to cure a runny nose at home, without a visit to the clinic. In the second stage, abundant liquid allocations appear. Later they are thick and acquire a greenish yellow color.
Allergic runny nose Manifested by such symptoms as:
- Abundant Rinorea (discharge from the nose).
With prolonged flow, the smell may break. In the nasal sinks, crusts and growths are formed, mucus or pus is constantly separated.
Acute traumatic runny nose It begins sharply and, as a rule, strikes one of the parties. As a result of damage, the mucous membrane blushes, swells. A few hours later, mucus begins to stand out from one of the nostrils.
For Vasomotor Rinopathy Breathing makes it difficult due to nasal congestion. There are transparent discharge. It bothers an unpleasant feeling that is caused by a mucus flow along the back wall of the nasopharynx.
Typical symptoms of rhinitis can be combined with headache, weakness, a sense of general ailment. Therefore, regardless of the type and shape, the runny nose must be treated quickly.
Causes of acute runny nose
Infectious rhinites are caused by virulent (pathogenic) microorganisms: viruses, bacteria or fungi. Most often, the disease develops against the background of ARZ, ORVI or flu. Inhabited bacteria can also be activated as a result of hypothermia or immunodeficiency.
Susceptibility to infections in all people is different. It depends on:
- conditions and lifestyle
- overall health
- features of the body,
- degree of adaptation to the effects of cold and other external factors.
The risk of infection with infectious sound is higher in those who smoke and abuse alcohol, leads an unhealthy lifestyle or lives in poor ecology. A small child can get infectious rhinitis due to the undeveloped immune response.
The causes of acute specific rhinitis become infections that cause the following diseases:
- Lepra etc
This type of inflammatory lesions of the nasopharynk is rare. And the main question in this case is not how to quickly cure from a cold, but what to do with the main disease.
Causes of chronic runny nose
The sharp form of rhinitis sometimes flows into chronic. One of the reasons is the wrong choice of means and methods of treatment. It is especially important to prevent the long flow of this disease in children.
To chronic rhinitis rhinitis can also be given:
- Atrophy of the sections of the mucous membrane together with nervous endings.
Such a state is developing due to autoimmune reactions, disorders of the endocrine system, genetic predisposition.
- Arrangement of connective tissue.
The cause of the development of this pathology can be the body's reaction on the intensive load, which is experiencing the nasopharynx mucosa. Provoking factors hypertrophic rhinitis Often become addiction to alcohol, smoking, abuse of vasoconducting means.
- Speaking of mucosa due to local circulatory disorders (neareegetative form).
From this species, the runny nose at home is treated quite often, since in the incidence of chronic rhinitis, its share reaches 21%. One of the effective methods of therapy in this case is regular moistening of the nasal mucosa.
Diagnosis of rhinitis
The main methods of differential diagnosis of rhinitis include:
The doctor finds out the presence and character of the patient's complaints, determines the priority of the onset of symptoms, collects anamnesis to establish the cause of the disease.
Otolaryngologist inspects the front and rear surface of the nasal cavity using a special tool (rososcope), mirrors and a reflector.
- Establishing the causative agent of the disease.
For this purpose, bacteriological sowing is carried out. When specifying the type of pathogenic microorganism, which caused rhinitis, it is possible to establish how the runny nose can be treated in a particular case.
- Tests to determine allergen.
This method is used if the allergic character is suspected. For performing accurate diagnosis, skin samples are carried out.
- Laboratory diagnostics.
In the presence of concomitant symptoms, a general and biochemical blood test may be appointed.
One of the most difficult revealed species is a cold - vasomotor rhinitis. The medicine does not have reliable methods of its diagnosis. To form an accurate diagnosis in this case, as a rule, similar varieties of rhinitis are consistently excluded. First of all, the probability of allergic nature is checked. For this, the main symptoms are rated, skin tests are taken, an electrophoretic analysis of the nasal secret is carried out.
How to treat runny nose at home?
The most important thing is to begin treatment of rhinitis when the very first of its symptoms appear. It is impossible not to do anything and expect that the runny nose will be held himself. Then the risk of complications will be minimal.
If there is no high temperature and cough, you can start home therapy by applying proven effective methods.
Medical ways of treating acute infectious rhinitis
To effectively combat the inflammation of nasopharynses and rinorer, pharmaceutical preparations can be used. These include:
- ready-made anti-inflammatory drugs based on medicinal plants,
- vesseloring drops
- moisturizing sprays
An excellent result when washing the nose gives real marine water, which is similar in composition with the organism intercellular fluid. If this tool is not available to you, in the pharmacy you can buy an equally efficient finished isotonic solution with sea salt - Salor Aqua. This drug is packaged into compact buffs containers. Such a tool can be used to wash the nasal strokes at any age - adults and children, starting at birth. The irrigation of the mucous membrane of the salt solution helps to remove swelling, eliminate inflammation, improve nasal breathing.
Treatment Routine In the event of a nasal congestion, also assumes the mandatory use of vasoconstrictor droplets.
Features of the treatment of other types of cold
The basic principles of therapy of chronic and allergic rhinitis:
- Atrophic The runny nose is treating moisturizing mucous membranes and special medicines that the doctor appoints.
- For Allergic Rank is used drugs that have antihistamine action and reduce swelling.
- Traumatic Rubber requires, first of all, eliminating the root causes of the disease, after which antiseptic means apply.
- Vasomotor Rinopathy - One of the difficult to treat states, for whose correction often has to contact a specialist.
- Treat hypertrophic Rubber at home is also not recommended. In this case, relief can only bring an operation.
It is important to remember that for the treatment of drug and hypertrophic rhinitis, vasoconstrictors cannot be used.
Helicing also helps to cope with acute inflammation of the nasal mucosa. It is prescribed separately or in combination with drugs. These physiotherapeutic methods are used as:
- UFO ( Ultraviolet irradiation ). It has a bactericidal effect in the first stage of the disease, strengthens the mucous membrane. It facilitates the state when aggravating the chronic form of rhinitis.
- UHF therapy . Leads to a decrease in pain, contributes to the removal of edema, accelerates the regeneration of tissues, normalizes the tone of the vessels.
- Laser therapy . It is used in nasal congestion, swivel, acute and chronic rhine. It acts similarly to UFO, but less intensively. This method is often used to treat a runny nose in children and adults at home.
- Electrophoresis . The method is based on the introduction of drugs into the body with the help of electrical pulses. Along with other physiotherapeutic methods, it is used to treat hypertrophic and vasomotor rhinitis.
Other types of physioles that are appointed by the doctor are also applied to combat a runny nose in addition to the methods.
Is it possible a rapid treatment of a cold at home?
Rinith, like any other disease, can not be ignored. The earlier treatment started, the higher the chances of the speedy recovery. Therefore, when even lung uncomfortable sensations in the area of the nose should be taken. Only in this case the runny nose caused by rhinovirus can be cured quickly.
Sometimes it is enough to fall on the night of the legs, drink hot tea with honey and rinse the nose isotonic nasal salt to stop the inflammation of the nasal mucosa at the initial stage. If this is not enough, the next day the treatment should be continued. Multiple washing with brine:
- moisturize the mucous membrane,
- quickly eliminate mucus,
- accelerate recovery and reduce the risk of complications,
- Protect the rapid restoration of the nasal mucosa functions.
When nasal is running, vasoconstrictor drops should be used. They help to restore the drainage of the apparent sinuses of the nose and prevent the development of sinusitis.
When to contact the doctor with a cold?
If the funds from the cold, which you apply at home, do not help or have a weak action, you need to contact a specialist.
The consultation of the Laura, pediatrician or therapist is shown in the following cases:
- Rinith lasts more than 5-7 days without positive dynamics.
- Basic symptoms are joined by lethargy, head and ear pain.
- The mucus acquires a thick consistency and green, pain in the sinus area appears.
- The runny nose is accompanied by a cough and an increase in the temperature above 38 ° C.
- The discharge of the nasal cavity acquire a sharp unpleasant odor.
To consult a doctor is also with frequently repeating cold. The cause of such a phenomenon may be reduced immunity. The specialist will appoint a complex of medical and preventive measures to strengthen the protective forces of the body, after which the resistance to the attack of rinoviruses will increase.
To prevent the inflammation of the nasal cavity and the rineland associated with it, it is necessary:
- avoid long overcooling, which can increase the vulnerability of the body before rhinovirus;
- reduce contacts with sick people during seasonal colds and influenza;
- to eat right, follow the balanced menu composition and the presence of vitaminized products in it;
- In the heating period, moisturize the air in the house, often air the rooms.
One of the most effective measures of prevention is irrigation therapy. It is a daily one-time irrigation of the nasal cavity with sea salt-based drugs. Such a measure helps to clean the sinks and sinuses of the nose from potentially dangerous microorganisms before the start of their active reproduction. Allergens, dust and other irritating mucosa are also washed. During the period of cold, irrigation therapy helps significantly reduce the likelihood of the disease.
Treatment Rubber is carried out correctly only if its species, stage and the age of the sick are taken into account. This is the first thing that doctors say to patients who ask them than you can cure a runny nose. Not all methods are applicable for various rhinitis, and some therapeutic measures can lead to serious complications.
The universal method of prevention and treatment can be considered only instillation in the nose of isotonic saline solutions. He has no contraindications, with the exception of individual intolerance, which is extremely rare.
Each person periodically faces a runny nose. Its appearance can be explained by several reasons that are divided into infectious and noncommunicable. The latter case is considered more serious and requires the help of experienced specialists, while weak viral contamination does not bear a serious threat to humans and can recover with simple folk remedies at home. To date, a lot of folk recipes have been identified that can overcome colds. Their action is directed to clean the nasal cavity from the mucous selection and elimination of inflammatory processes.
What folk remedies can be cured by a runny nose - the most efficient folk remedies
Folk Medicine offers several effective ways to get rid of a cold.
This method is known for a long time and taken into account even professional doctors. To obtain the solution, it is necessary to take 300 ml of purified water.
It must be heated to 80 s, and to dissolve 8 gr. Salt and soda, 3 drops of iodine. Leave the solution to cool to room temperature, after which it can be used for its intended purpose.
Salt can use cook or sea. In the latter case, iodine and soda is not needed.
Warming up nose
Especially efficient and more than once proven treatment of a cold is a nose warming.
For this suit:
- Boiled warm eggs. Wrap in a towel and attach to the nose.
- Iodine. For the shortest time, this tool will help to say goodbye to uncomfortable sensations. Iodine needs to smear the wings of the nose and make a strip from above eyebrows. Improving well-being can already be noticed in the morning of the next day, the mucous discharge will be much smaller.
- Salt. Heat in a frying pan, pour into a fabric bag, if this is not available, then a clean warm sock is suitable. The main thing that salt was not very hot. It is worth gently to apply a bag to the nose so as not to provoke the burn.
Compress and Warming Foot
It is considered an equally popular way in the fight against a runny nose. To achieve the greatest result, it is better to use this way in the evening before bedtime.
For warming up and compress feet will be required:
- Mustard powder for rubbing stop or mustard pieces. Top to tighten warm knitted socks. The compress helps not only eliminate the runny nose, but also sneezing, if anyone is in just one or two nights.
- Iodine. To treat snot, you need to grasp the feet of the legs with iodine, wear warm socks and wrapped in a blanket. Already the next morning it will be much easier to breathe.
- Kerosene. Before bedtime, it was dried by kerosene, to rewind with a marry bandage or cloth, which is pre-glowing in kerosene. To create a thermal effect, wear socks. It should be borne in mind that despite the effectiveness of this method, Kerosene has an unpleasant smell with which everyone will be able to accept.
Baths for foot
There are several ways to cook for legs:
- Put legs by the ankle in a basin with water.
- Legs to knee immersed in the bath. It is considered a more efficient option.
The main thing is that it is worth considering - water should be warm, not too hot. Suitable temperature - 45Gradusov.
Among the common methods of cooking such a bath can be allocated:
- Pour a mustard powder into heated water. Leave your feet to warm up for 20 minutes. 2-3 such procedures will help completely remove the runny nose.
- In the bath with heated water add sea salt. Legs also disappear 20 minutes and then climb under the blanket.
Cold Treatment with homemade drops
Not everyone knows a way to combat a runny nose with the help of home drops. But most often, it is precisely such drops that quickly cope with the nasal mortgage, since the action turns out to be the source of the problem itself.
Such drops can be prepared on the basis of:
- Beet juice. Take 3 tbsp. Beet juice and mix from 1 tbsp. Honey. Interfere with completely dissolving honey. After you can use drops. It takes every 5 hours of dripping 2-3 drops into each nostril.
- Mentho oil. In 100 ml of warm purified water add 1 tsp. Honey and 10 ml of Menthol oil, prevent well. Every 4 hours in each nostril drip 3 drops. Such drops can only be applied adults.
- Honey and aloe juice. Take 1 spoon of aloe and honey juice, well stir. Having obtained a homogeneous composition, you can drip a nose of 3 drops 2 times a day. Such drops are perfectly suitable for adults and children.
Note! If the drops are preparing a child, aloe juice you need to take two times less.
- Garlic and carrot juice. Stir the juice of carrots and garlic in the ratio of 1: 1. Every 3-4 hours, dig 3 drops. Drops will help to eliminate the runny nose in an adult man in just a couple of days.
- Kalanchoe juice. Calando juice is used in pure form. 4 times a day drip 2 drops.
How to cure a runny nose folk remedies quickly ENGLISH CHEME
Tea is an excellent way of steadfit therapy. Since teas are prepared on the basis of prefabricated herbs, then besides getting rid of a cold, such tea contributes to the overall strengthening of human immunity and prevents the spread of viruses and infections in the body.
Such tea is especially useful at different colds. To stock linden infloresions can be yourself or buying in a pharmacy already in the finished form.
For cooking, you need to take 1 tsp. Linden and pour 200 ml of hot water. Leave to appease for 5-7 minutes.
Drink tea need 2-3 times a day. Last mug be sure to drink in front of the hay.
Rosehip tea with adding honey
Removes all cold symptoms, including a runny nose. Add to 1 l of water 150 gr. Rosehip berries and put boiled.
After that, leave for 1 hour to appease. Honey is added at will and taste. Drinking stands in the morning and in the evening. It should be borne in mind that such an hour has a diuretic action.
With a conventional cold, tea from currant will help (cranberries can be used). It is necessary to take 70-80 g of frozen or fresh berries, the Ceingness in the bowl.
Pour warm purified water, stir well. Leave broke out for 30 minutes, after which you need to drink every 4-5 hours. For a larger effect, tea is also useful before bedtime.
This method is known for a long time. Brew 50 gr. Vodka and kept 5-7 minutes in the mouth, after spinning, hot mint tea was drinking and lay under a warm blanket.
At the same time, the head should also be warm.
Inhalation therapy Richnorma
Inhalation is recognized as a very effective way to deal with a runny nose. To do this, it is desirable to have a special device - nebulizer. If there is no such, it is possible to replace it with an ordinary teapot for welding. In the aute of the kettle, you need to insert a cardboard funnel.
For inhalations, the following folk remedies are used against a cold:
- Heat 250 ml of water to 45 degrees, add 4 drops of fir oil, mint, sage.
- Take half liters of warm boiled water and stir 1st. Soda, leave to cool up to 40 degrees.
- 0.5 warm purified water Add 1 tbsp. Kidney pine, leave for 10 minutes in a water bath. After covering the lid and wait until it cools up to 40 degrees.
- 1 tbsp. Dry chamomile and sage dissolve in 400 ml of warm boiled water, cover with a lid and plant cooling up to 40 degrees.
With a cold, it is resorted not only to wet inhalations, but also dry. For example, in an empty teapot put 1 cut onions and 7 shredded garlic teeth. You need it for a long time, the moments to highlight the nose.
When folk remedies are contraindicated?
As mentioned at the beginning, it is possible to resort to folk remedies only in cases of a conventional cold or supercooling.
Under other circumstances, such methods will not bring due effect, and sometimes unsafe. Among such circumstances can be allocated:
- warming baths and compresses at high body temperature;
- any folk methods for purulent or green nasal discharges;
- Use herbal infusions, honey and butter ether if the patient has allergies on them or definitely not confident in its absence;
- resort to steam warming in complications otitis;
- do homemade droplets based on breast milk;
- Do inhalation when detecting blood particles in the mucous secretions.
Consider a runny nose with any of the considered methods. Observing precautions and preparation recommendations, you can be confident in their effectiveness, and it will be possible to forget about the cold and its consequences in a couple of days.
Related articles from the heading:
Inhalation solutions from a cold used in inhalers
How to rinse the nose with a swivel, cold, cold
Inhalations over potatoes, with dry cough and cold
Reasons causing a runny nose
Pills from a cold, drops, folk remedies - what is better
The author of the article: A. Kasatova.
How to get rid of the cold quickly and without consequences for the body? To do this, find out the reason for the emergence of negative symptoms, determining the type of rhinitis (cold, allergic, infectious, etc.) and competently choose drugs.
How to get rid of the cold quickly and without consequences for the body? To do this, find out the reason for the emergence of negative symptoms, determining the type of rhinitis (cold, allergic, infectious, etc.) and competently choose drugs.
What is rhinitis?
This is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. The disease has two stages, each of which is accompanied by characteristic symptoms. In some cases, the disease takes a protracted flow and then we are talking about the chronic form of the disease.
Doctors otolaryngologists warn:
At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to take medicines from rhinitis.
Otherwise, the disease can lead to serious complications and go into a chronic form, difficult therapy. In addition, people with a strong runny nose, with sneezing and snot continue to attend common areas to ride in transport and go to work, exposing the dangers of infection around others.
Rubber is extremely infectious! Small children, older people and patients with a weakened immunity are especially easy to infect.
Attention! You should not use any folk methods from a cold! In cases where the toddler, an elderly person or a patient, suffering from any heavy chronic diseases, is sick, suffering only after consulting a doctor. So, with many forms, a cold like "Babushkino" treatment leads to a significant deterioration in the state. For example, when the joke or garlic juice is injected, there is strong irritation of the already inflamed mucous membrane. It swells even more, sneezing is enhanced, the nasal breathing deteriorates.
How to treat a runny nose to prevent complications and transition of disease in chronic form? Modern medicine offers many medicines - these are effective drugs from a cold of any kind.
Contemporary preparations for the treatment of runny nose
Drops and sprays from a cold
Drops from a cold and sprays are the most popular and easy-to-use dosage forms. They eliminate dryness and mortgage, relieve inflammation, improve due to the restoration of nasal respiration the overall condition of the patient. These drugs may include antibacterial ingredients in their composition.
Examples of drugs
The narrowing of the vessels, reducing edema, lifting, the release of nasal breathing
Do not act on the inflammatory process
Do not possess the healing effect
Symptoms are removed only for a while
Call rapid addiction
Cannot be used in case of some diseases - is hypertension, atherosclerosis, arrhythmia, glaucoma
Possess an impressive list of side effects, it is: dizziness, headache, an increase in blood pressure, noise in the head, etc.
Period of action - from three to six hours:
Naphtizin, Sanorin, Vibrotil, Tizin
From six to eight hours:
Tizin Ksilo, Galazolin, Xylent, Ximeline, Orinary, Snup
From 10 to 12 hours:
With thick / purulent discharge from the nose
Have the same side effects as vasoconstrictors
Moisturizing mucous membranes, thinning mucus entry into the composition of seawater makes it possible to effectively clean the sinuses of the nose from pathogenic viruses, bacteria, and allergens
Do not provide instant
Suitable for prevention
Included in the complex treatment
Physiomer, Aqua Maris, Akwalor
A threshing effect manifests itself soft
Purification of the sinuses of the nose from bacteria and viruses
The effect is not immediately
Pinosol (with Pine Oil), Sinupere
Indications - bactericidal rhinitis
Symptoms of the disease:
thick yellow-green allocations from nasal sinuses
Basically refer to prescription drugs
Long-term and / or frequent use of antibiotics is a consequence of the formation of stable pathogens of microorganisms (bacteria, etc.)
Framcenetin, neomycin, Polymixin, Isofra, Polydels with phenylephrine
Tablets from a cold
In some cases, it makes sense to use other forms of drugs from rhinitis. How to treat a runny nose with the help of dragee and pills?
There are vegetable and homeopathic preparations that practically do not have contraindications and side effects in comparison with some drops. Preparations from a cold in the form of tablets, capsules, dragee are accepted inside according to the instructions. If drops are mainly removed negative symptoms, tablets may be an order more efficiently, as they act on the cause of the disease.
Mazi from a cold
Means from a cold in the form of ointments - a convenient form of treatment and prevention of many types of rhinitis. Just like other drugs, ointments are:
Any ointments are used after consultation with a specialist. Homeopathic remedies from a cold - the safest.
Oils from a cold
Essential natural oils are able to alleviate the patient's condition during the cold.
They possess the following properties:
Oils are often part of ointments and drops, but can be taken as an independent dosage form (for inhalations).
Inhalation during routine
This is one of the most affordable and simple ways of treatment. Inhalations can be made using essential oils, herbal fees, salvations, etc.
Advantage of the procedure:
- Soft action;
- Cleaning the respiratory tract;
- moisturizing mucous membranes;
- Removing edema;
- elimination of thick secretions;
- Inhalation treatment can be carried out with any form of rhinitis in children and adults.
How to choose a remedy for rhinitis
How to get rid of a cold? To do this, purchase a modern effective medicine and use it from the first days of the disease. The best remedy for a runny nose is the one that is selected depending on the symptoms and the type of illness. In addition, vitamin and mineral complexes should be taken in order to increase immunity. Social network of pharmacies The table offers the possibility of booking any medication at affordable prices.
The nasal congestion is the most frequent and unpleasant symptom, which gives a strong discomfort, prevents sleeping, work and just enjoy life. It can be combined with a runny nose, or act as an independent sign. The causes of such a state are the colds are colds and viral diseases, also the pathology of ENT organs and other disorders. For the treatment of concurrency, various methods are used: folk recipes, rinsing of nasal strokes and medicines.
The physiological and pathological causes of the nasal is distinguished. More often such a sign accompanies most of the otorhinolaryngological diseases. It is not always manifested together with a runny nose, but is characterized by inflammation and swelling of the mucosa of the nose. It may arise in children as a result of foreign ones.
There are special factors provoking the congestion of the nasal ways:
The effect of allergens.
Supercooling of the body.
Injury to the nasal cavity.
Dysfunction of hormonal background.
Abundant growth of the nasal mucosa.
Abuse of local medicines.
The main causes of chronic congestion are polyps, adenoids, fractures and other damage to the nasal partition.
As a symptom, the mortgage is accompanied by rhinitis, frontitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, etmoiditis, also colds and viral pathologies.
Drugs help to restore nasal breathing. The doctor appoints, given the etiology of the symptom. The main preparation for the treatment is drops that are several species:
Vasoconstrictors. Do not affect the cause of constraint, but perfectly cope with a runny nose, improve breathing and remove swelling. Apply recommended twice a day. The overall course of therapy should not exceed 5 days, since the medicine is addictive. Effective representatives: Naphtizin, Nazol, Sanorin, Ximeline.
Antiviral. Perfectly fighting the causative agent of the disease, a sign of which is a breakdown of breathing. Strengthen immunity at the local level, drops can be used not only in therapy, but also prophylaxis. Effective means are: infrapperion, Na Noaferon, Derinat.
Oil. Contribute to moisturizing the mucosa, remove the swelling and normalize the respiratory function. Showing viral and other diseases. Preparations of this group should be used carefully, the development of allergies is possible. Effective representative Pinosol. These are natural drops with a pronounced anti-inflammatory and antiseptic property. Used for adults and children from 2 years.
Combined. They have a high healing effect because they contain several active substances. As a rule, are a combination of antihistamine and vasoconductive drugs. Help to quickly take conciseness, swelling, inflammation and runny nose with its availability. Such a group includes: sanarin, vibrational, napazoline, hycomycin-teva.
Antiallergic. Used for therapy. Rubber armed on the background of allergies. Such drops have an anti-essay, anti-inflammatory effect, restore breathing and eliminate nasal selection. The best antihistamines: Azelastine, Noodex, Levokabastin.
In a complex with drugs, effectively apply inhalations for free nasal respiration. For manipulation, a special device is used - nebulizer.
Inhalation can be carried out with champions and infusion of medicinal herbs, or on the basis of saline. From plants, chamomile, calendula, linden, St. Justice have excellent therapeutic properties.
It is also permissible to use essential oils in combination with therapeutic solution. Apply pine, fir, eucalyptus, sea buckthorn, rosemary oil.
For washing a nasal cavity, solutions with sea salt are often used. They eliminate mucus, inflammation, remove swelling, restore breathing and moisturize the mucous membrane.
Pharmacy preparations for nose cleansing: Aquamaris, Quix, Akvalor.
Purchased medicines can be replaced with a homemade. To do this, take 1 tsp. Salt and a glass of warm water. This variant of the solution does not differ from pharmacy, has similar treatment properties.
For washing the nasal strokes, a special kettle or bulk syringe is used. The algorithm of action is as follows:
Located above the sink and prepare a drug solution in advance.
Turn the head right and pour fluid into the nasal passage. If everything is done correctly, it should be poured through another nostril. The same is done with the left half.
Thoroughly high, freeing the cavity of the nose from the mucus.
Conduct 2 rinsing approaches on each side.
During the procedure, it is important to breathe mouth. After graduation, it is not recommended for 2-3 hours to go outside.
Effective and safe methods in the fight against the nose congestion are traditional medicine. Treatment is based on the preparation of droplets from various medicinal herbs:
Onion or garlic.
Carrot or beet juice.
Essential oils are also widely used. They are slightly heated and burst into the nasal moves.
Preventive measures help prevent bad nasal breathing:
Compliance with the necessary humidity.
Frequent cleaning and venting.
Regular walks on the street.
Elimination of contact with potential allergens.
Prevention of viral and colds.
Nasal congestion is easier and more efficient to warn than to be treated. If you follow the recommendations listed, such a notch can be excluded.
Is it possible to cure a runny nose quickly? 7 Councils of otorinolaryngologist
Author Oleg Abramov
February 26 2021.
In the cold season, the runny nose happens to almost everyone. Together with the doctor we understand how to get rid of it and not harm yourself
The runny nose seems to be a frivolous problem, at the same time it significantly affects general well-being and reduces personal effectiveness. How to approach the decision of the question, tells the otorhinolaryngologist Oleg Abramov.
Oleg Abramov, head of the department of operational otorinolaryngology GMS HOSPITAL, Blog author @ent_expert
Be prepared to go through all stages
Rubber is one of the manifestations of a viral disease that has a certain statifier (autochothtonium) . When you have become infected, the body must go through all the stages of inflammation, the last of which is recovery. Right say: "If you treat a runny nose, then it will pass within seven days, and if not treated, then in a week." Therefore, there are no funds that allow you to get rid of or "cure" from a cold. Moreover, the runny nose does not always occur in viral infections. It is also observed with allergic rhinitis or sinusitis, so if your runny nose has a longer character, I recommend not to leave it without attention and consult a doctor.
Use proven funds
Folk medicine, which once was almost the basis for doctors of various specialties, goes into the past. Scientific research makes it possible to estimate the true effects of certain funds for the treatment of different pathologies. Thus, for example, it was found that the use of garlic may also provide a useful effect in the prevention of colds, but there is little scientific confirmation . Therefore, I urge to treat alert to folk remedies, since most of them have not been tested by scientific research or has been proven that they are not effective.
What folk remedies help with a cold
If you still want to use confirmed methods of traditional medicine, then you should pay attention to those tools that have minor efficacy. For example, the use of a large amount of fluid makes it possible to effectively disperse the mucus, which is produced in large quantities with a cold ride. Drink hot tea, it will help facilitate cold symptoms due to steams with high temperatures. Add natural decongestants to it (funds that take out the edema of the mucous membrane): mint, menthol and chamomile. These medicinal plants will help relieve nasal breathing. It used to be that local warming (hot shower or inhalation of hot vapors) can effectively reduce the nasal mortgage and runny nose, but modern scientific data has shown the weak efficiency of this practice .
Salt - the best remedy for cold
Salt solutions are one of the most ancient tools that was used by humanity to combat the runny nose. The first mention of such a treatment method is dated of the III century BC, when the tribes Hinda developed special chain for the nose, in which sea water was added. Salt solutions have a whole range of useful properties and contribute to a decrease in edema, and also facilitate the separation of mucus. Reducing the amount of selection occurs due to increasing the protective properties of the mucous membrane and its ability to self-cleaning . Salt solutions can be used from early age, they are produced in the form of sprays or special bottles for washing.
Careful with vasoconducting sprays and drops
This class of drugs is not particularly effective when reducing the edema of the mucous membrane and helps only temporarily reduce the amount of selection . The basic rules and restrictions should be adhered to. According to modern scientific data, vesseloring agents can be used about 3-5 days, but longer use can cause addictive to them. This in the literal sense dependence on the drops is a serious problem in modern ENT practice. Moreover, their use is not recommended in pediatric practice or in patients with eyeballs (glaucoma) or cardiovascular pathologies (hypertension) due to unwanted side effects.
What is better not to treat a runny nose?
Of course, in addition to the preparations described above, other means can be recommended. Among them are antihistamine and local antibacterial drugs, sprays with colloidal silver, medicines that dilute mucus. However, scientists talk about the weak efficiency of these drug classes in the treatment of a cold cold. For example: in a review study, it is shown that antihistamines have a slight effect on the SMI symptoms in the first and second day of treatment, but do not affect the runny nose or nasal congestion . Therefore, it is better to clarify the doctor for what purpose antihistamines are prescribed. And, if for the treatment of a runny nose, then it is better not to use them.
If the runny nose does not pass - go to the doctor
As already mentioned, the most frequent cause of a runny nose is ORVI and other colds. But not only they can cause a runny nose. The list of reasons is quite large, the most important thing is to understand - the colder runny nose does not last more than seven-ten days. If the runny nose is observed for more than ten days, the color of the selection changes and other complaints appear (pain in the face, the pronounced nasal congestion, headache) or inflammation comes from one side - you should consult a doctor. Sometimes there may be serious diseases for a banal rhuber who require expert advice.
There is an old joke: if the runny nose is treated, it will pass over the week, and if not, for seven days. In fact, if not treated, then the runny nose can become chronic, and you will walk with the laid nose not only in the winter, but also in the summer. Yes, and sinusitis - the disease is serious, so it is better to strip. You should not start a wet case on samonek, and it is better to choose one of the proven folk agents.
Protection of the body
Doctors are called a runny nose rinitis, and, in fact, it is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. As a rule, it is accompanied by the development of bacteria in the nasal cavity and difficult breathing. It is the mucus that we try to "drown out" in every way, can neutralize the accumulations of bacteria and viruses. In other words, the runny nose is the natural protection of the body. But, on the other hand, he is not harmless, as many think, and can provoke serious complications. When rhinitis is not amenable to treatment or goes into a chronic form, then this becomes a reason for thinking on the topic "How to raise immunity?" and cardinal revision of your lifestyle. In general, the wonderful doctor Konstantin Pavlovich Butyko for several years investigated the causes of respiratory diseases, including the symptoms of inflammation of the lungs in adults, and came to the conclusion that most of them happen due to excessive ventilation of the lungs. Most people still breathe mouth, not a nose, therefore will be seen by a runny nose several times a year.
Folk remedies from a cold will help you to return good well-being in a short time - for treatment only one or two days. Of course, those who are watching their health and practice summer hardening, no cold awesome, but, alas, such luckyrs are relatively few of us.
Treatment Rubber mustard
Tradition to treat runny nose, and colds as such, the mustard went from Siberians. There is nothing complicated here: you need to put cotton socks on your feet, pour dry mustard in them, you can pull a couple more woolen socks on top and in this form to like a few hours (from 3 to 6), and even better go to bed.
There is another option - mustard baths with salt. Hot water is poured into the metal bucket - its temperature should be the maximum, which you just can suffer. There you need to pour out 1 cup of large table salt and 2/3 cup mustard, mix thoroughly. Lower the legs in the bucket - the water should take to the most legs and take the bath until it starts to cool. You can periodically pour hot water. Then the legs are wiped dry, wear warm socks and fall under the blanket.
The total duration of the procedure is not recommended to stretch more than half an hour, and people suffering from varicose veins on the legs or diseases of the cardiovascular system, it is generally contraindicated.
How to get rid of a cold with iodine?
The iodine helps to stop the runny nose if starting treatment at the earliest stage of the disease. You can simply draw thin stripes or points on the wings of the nose or go to bed - you will breathe exactly and without unpleasant sensations. Do you want iodine for sure? Then before bed, do not forget to drink a half-cook of warm water, dissolving five drops of iodine in it (this method is not recommended for women, as the reproductive system may suffer).
Some folk nature practices practic a different method - 5-6 yoda drops are bred by a tablespoon of water and this mixture is advised to bury the nose in the morning and in the evening. You can still breathe in vouches of iodine, bringing an outdoor bottle to the nose. A good addition to iodine therapy is becoming inhalation with daisy essential oil, which has a strong bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effect.
Pediatrician salted water is recommended to bury the nostrils during rhinitis to small children, as it has a rather strong drizzling effect and also does not cause any side effects.
Some pharmacological companies produce fairly expensive drugs from a cold, which are spray bottles with sea water without any additional components.
The solution from the cold is prepared as follows: in a liter of boiled warm water dissolve a tablespoon of a salt salt and fill with a sinthead with a thin tip. Wash the nostrils alternately, tilting the head of the side and then high. If you enter a salty solution into one nostril, and it begins to pour out of another, then this is a good sign - it means that it was possible to wash the nasal cavity in the full program.
Bow and garlic - proven funds
Onions and garlic are excellent antibiotics, absolutely harmless and possessing a truly unique action. In order to cure a runny nose in one day, you have enough to have a kilogram of a replied onion. Take one bulb and put it finely. Scroll onions in a bowl, lean over it and breathe pairs until the bow is finally "exhaled." Then take a break for half an hour and take a new bulb from which you do everything else. After each such onion inhalation, the flow of mucus from the nose will be intensified, as you run the natural process of cleansing the respiratory tract from it. Just unimportant and breathe onions again. In a few hours, the runny nose will pass completely. You can also bury the nostrils onion juice.
With garlic come in a similar way - crushed it and breathe in pairs. You can boil a pair of garlic heads in two liters of water and the cooled decoction rinse the nose. And also recommend putting on a piece of garlic in every nostril - the main thing is that these pieces do not interfere with you breathe.
In short, you should not launch such, at first glance, a trifling disease, like a runny nose. It is easy to cure him and at home without leaving money in the pharmacy.